Anti-Bullying Week 2018 (12th-16th November)

What is bullying?

Whilst there is no legal definition of bullying, it is widely acknowledged that bullying encompasses a range of behaviours intended to cause harm (e.g., physically, emotionally), is repeated, and is often aimed at wide range of demographic groups (e.g., sexual orientation, race, religion). Bullying affects children, young people, and adults, and can take place across a number of settings – in schools, the workplace, as well as in sports teams, in addition to online (cyber bullying). The list is by no means exhaustive.

Bullying is also common. For example, the World Health Organisation reports that one-third of children have been bullied by their peers. In the UK, Department for Education reported that 40% of young people had been bullied in the last 12 months and Ofcom (2017) reported that 1 in 8 young people have been bullied on social media. Within the workplace, six in 10 employees reported that they had been bullied or had witnessed bullying over the past six months. Moreover, within 19 higher education institutions surveyed by the University and College Union, one in 10 reported being ‘always’ or ‘often’ bullied. The impact of bullying mental health can be extensive – there is evidence that exposure to bullying in childhood contributes to the development of mental health conditions in adolescence such as anxiety and depression, as well as in adulthood.

Given the extent to which bullying can impact lives, Bullying UK (Twitter: @BullyingUK) lead Anti-Bullying week each year to raise awareness of the issue. In 2018, Anti-bullying week in the UK falls between the 12th-16th November, with this year’s theme focusing on ‘Choose Respect’.

Anti-bullying resources

There are a number of resources available, which provide information about bullying and advice on what the next steps can be.

 

 

Children and Young People

Adults

Blog post written by Dr Rachel Moss (Twitter: @DrRMoss), Research Associate on the PGR Wellbeing project at the University of Portsmouth (School of Education and Sociology). 

 

 

 

Today is World Mental Health Day

History of the day

The 10th October each year marks World Mental Health Day, which has been observed since 1992. Each year, the day focusses on a particular issue surrounding mental health. In 2018, the theme for #worldmentalhealthday is Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World. It is hoped that the theme focus will demonstrate the importance of addressing the prevention, early intervention and adjusting the information and services available to support the mental health of young people (CYP; defined as those between 15-24 years old).

Why focus on Young People and Mental Health?

Worldwide, between 10-20% of CYP experience mental health disorders. Of those 10-20% of children, more than half of the disorders start before the age of 14, and up to three quarters by the mid-twenties. Within the UK, current efforts to further support the mental health of CYP are being addressed within a national programme to transform existing mental health services (the Children and Young People’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme). Early intervention and prevention have also received an increased focus within the Green Paper for CYP mental health.

Resources to support your general wellbeing

A number of online resources are available to support your general wellbeing today, and beyond:

What to do in a crisis

If you or someone that you know is experiencing a life-threatening medical or mental health emergency:

  • Call 999 and ask for an ambulance (or ask someone else to call for you)
  • Go to A & E (or ask someone else to take you)

Urgent care, but not life-threatening

  • Call 111 (England)
  • Book an emergency GP appointment

Use the ‘I need urgent help’ tool offered by Mind.

Further information on what to do in a mental health crisis or emergency is provided by the NHS. Help for suicidal thoughts can also be found on the NHS website.

 

Blog post written by Dr Rachel Moss (Twitter: @DrRMoss), Research Associate on the PGR Wellbeing project at the University of Portsmouth (School of Education and Sociology). 

World Suicide Prevention Day

Today marks World Suicide Prevention Day, held on the 10th September every year. The day is organised by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and the World Health Organisation, and aims to reach out to people who may be struggling.

Why is it important?

Last year, 5,821 people died by suicide. Three-quarters of those 5,821 people were male. During 2016-17, 95 students in higher education died by suicide, with significantly higher rates of suicide for male, compared with female students. In response to the concern over student mental health, Universities UK, in collaboration with the prevention of young suicide UK charity Papyrus, recently published guidance on preventing suicide in young people at Universities.

What can I do?

Reaching out to someone today, particularly if you think someone you know may be struggling, can make a difference. Check in with them and see how they are. Advice on how to start the conversation is available from IASP, Rethink Mental Illness, Mind, and support guides from the Support After Suicide Partnership (Help is at Hand, pages 49-52; Finding the words). Information on how suicide bereavement is different is also provided by Survivors of Bereavement by Suicide.

What to do in a crisis

If you or someone that you know is experiencing a life-threatening medical or mental health emergency:

  • Call 999 and ask for an ambulance (or ask someone else to call for you)
  • Go to A & E (or ask someone else to take you)

Urgent care, but not life-threatening

  • Call 111 (England)
  • Book an emergency GP appointment

Use the ‘I need urgent help’ tool offered by Mind.

Further information on what to do in a mental health crisis or emergency is provided by the NHS. Help for suicidal thoughts can also be found on the NHS website.

Helplines

 

 

 

 

 

If you would like someone to talk to, you may find the following support lines useful:

Papyrus

Advice for young people at risk of suicide
0800 068 4141 (helpline 10am – 10pm, Monday – Friday and 2pm – 5pm, weekends and bankholidays)
07786 209697 (SMS)
www.papyrus-uk.org

Samaritans

116 123 (Freephone, 24 hour helpline)
www.samaritans.org

Survivors of Bereavement by Suicide

For those personally affected by suicide
0300 111 5065 (9am to 9pm)
https://uksobs.org/

CALM (Campaign Against Living Miserably)

A charity dedicated to preventing male suicides
0800 58 58 58 (5pm  – midnight every day)
07537 404717 (SMS)
www.thecalmzone.net

Sane Line

Offering specialist mental health emotional support 4.30-10.30pm everyday. You can also email through their website.

Tel: 0300 304 7000. Web: www.sane.org.uk

 

Blog post written by Dr Rachel Moss, Research Associate (University of Portsmouth) for the Office for Students postgraduate research student wellbeing project.