Since 2005, The Children’s Society has been working in partnership with the University of York to build up a picture of children’s wellbeing in the UK. The work aims to understand the factors that contribute to how children feel about their lives, and provide recommendations for policy makers to improve the wellbeing of children. Now in its seventh year, The Good Childhood Report describes the findings of research conducted by The Children’s Society and the University of York, with the most recent report, based on longitudinal data, published in August.
An overview of the findings from the sixth wave of the Millennium Cohort Study (MSC), with data collected when children were around the age of 14 years, is presented below. The MSC is a survey of children born in the UK between 2000-2001, and follows the lives of roughly 19,000 children. The overview will focus on the relationship between wellbeing and mental health.
Relationship between life satisfaction, depressive symptoms, and emotional and behavioural difficulties
- A proportion of children with a low happiness in life (happiness with life as a whole), also had high levels of depression (47%), and vice-versa.
- A small number of children who had low life satisfaction (19%), and those who had high depressive symptoms (19%), also had a high score for emotional and behavioural difficulties.
- Boys had greater emotional and behavioural difficulties compared to girls, but girls had lower levels of wellbeing and higher symptoms of depression compared to boys.
Physical activity and truancy
- Children with lower life satisfaction, those with higher depressive symptoms and those with higher emotional and behavioural difficulties, were less likely, compared to other children, to be physically active and were more likely to have truanted.
- Of the 15% of children who responded that had self-harmed in the past year, girls were more likely than boys (22% vs. 9%) to have self-harmed.
- Children from White, Mixed and Other ethnic groups were more likely to have self-harmed compared to children from Indian, Pakistani/Bangladeshi and Black/Black British ethnic groups.
- Children who were attracted to the same gender, or both, were more likely to self- harm. Just under half of children surveyed (46%) had self-harmed.
- A higher than average risk of self-harm was observed for children who were from lower-income households.
- Children with higher levels of depressive symptoms (60%), those with low life satisfaction (48%), and those with high emotional and behavioural difficulties (30%) were more likely to self-harm, compared to children with lower levels of symptoms/difficulties.
The Children’s Society emphasised that the insights gained from the report should be used by policy makers to inform decisions about children and young people. A key recommendation included using shorter, subjective measures of wellbeing as a tool for identifying children who may need more support (e.g., in schools, in monitoring the wellbeing of looked after children).
About the author
Blog post written by Dr Rachel Moss, Research Assistant for the Office for Students postgraduate research student wellbeing project. Dr Moss is based within the School of Education and Sociology at the University of Portsmouth.